Staff directory Guillem González Carrasco

Guillem González Carrasco

Competitive Funding Assistant
Competitive Funding Department



  • Layered Nanocomposite 2D-TiO2 with Cu2O Nanoparticles as an Efficient Photocatalyst for 4-Chlorophenol Degradation and Hydrogen Evolution

    Alegría M., Aliaga J., Ballesteros L., Sotomayor-Torres C., González G., Benavente E. Topics in Catalysis; 64 (1-2): 167 - 180. 2021. 10.1007/s11244-020-01360-6. IF: 2.406

    New composites formed by layered hybrid TiO2(stearic acid) (LHTiO2) and, Cu2O nanoparticles were studied as photocatalysts that extend the response range to light visible for the evolution of hydrogen and the degradation of 4-chlorophenol. The results revealed that LHTiO2/Cu2O exhibited a clearly improved photocatalytic degradation, about 5.6 times faster than pristine TiO2, and hydrogen evolution of about 2.7 times higher than the TiO2 anatase. The enhanced photocatalytic activity can be assigned to the properties of the two-dimensional morphology, in sheets-like arrangement of LHTiO2, benefitting from the high exposure of surface, with more active sites available to improve matching with the surfaces of the Cu2O nanocrystals and significant reduction of migration distances of photogenerated carriers. In the photocatalytic degradation, a mechanism Z-scheme is supported, and in the photocatalytic evolution of hydrogen a mechanism type II band alignment is indicated. Photocatalytic reuse tests showed that stability and catalytic activity of LHTiO2/Cu2O were maintained for three cycles. Photoelectrochemical evaluation were performed through measurements of the photocurrent response and electrochemical impedance. © 2020, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


  • Ammonium hexadeca-oxo-heptavanadate microsquares. A new member in the family of the V7O16 mixed-valence nanostructures

    Navas D., Donoso J.P., Magon C., Sotomayor-Torres C.M., Moreno M., Lozano H., Benavente E., González G. New Journal of Chemistry; 43 (45): 17548 - 17556. 2019. 10.1039/c9nj02188d. IF: 3.069

    This paper presents a new mixed valence heptavanadate (NH4)2V7O16, obtained from a two-stage treatment in a single container of ammonium metavanadate with hexadecylamine in an acetic medium. The hydrolysis of the precursor under normal conditions leads to an intermediate, layered hybrid nanocomposite, V2O5/alkylamine, which after an in situ hydrothermal treatment is transformed almost quantitatively into an amine-free microcrystalline phase constituted by perfect square microparticles of (NH4)2V7O16. The analysis of composition, structure and morphology of the product points to a mixed valence vanadium oxide with a high content of V(iv) (approximately 73%). The microsquares have a tetragonal structure similar to that of BaV7O16, as well as to those proposed for the VOx/amine hybrid nanocomposite series: nanotubes, nano urchins and the compound (en)V7O16. The results suggest that all these phases belong to the V7O16 family, but that they differ in the amine content, the degree of reduction and the curvature of the network. The feasibility of obtaining flat nanostructures based on V7O16 without templates, beyond demonstrating the robustness of the structural unit V7O16 in networks with different degrees of reduction and curvatures, clarifies the role of alkylamines in this type of anti-entropic supramolecular process. First, the amine provides a stable platform that allows for an orderly reduction of the network under hydrothermal conditions and, when the medium favours the stability of the V-amine bond, the alkylamine contributes to the driving force that leads to the curving of the V-O network. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry and the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique.

  • Heterostructured 2D ZnO hybrid nanocomposites sensitized with cubic Cu2O nanoparticles for sunlight photocatalysis

    Segovia M., Alegría M., Aliaga J., Celedon S., Ballesteros L., Sotomayor-Torres C., González G., Benavente E. Journal of Materials Science; 54 (21): 13523 - 13536. 2019. 10.1007/s10853-019-03878-x. IF: 3.442

    In this research, we report a series of new heterostructured hybrid 2D ZnO nanocomposites sensitized with Cu2O nanoparticles for sunlight photocatalysis. The Cu2O nanoparticles were synthesized by a surfactant-free method and size reduced by a solvothermal method. 2D ZnO/Cu2O composites were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, reflectance diffuse spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared. The results showed that the product is a material comprised of layered hybrid 2D ZnO with cubic Cu2O nanoparticles. The photocatalytic activities of the composites were investigated for photodegradation of methylene blue solution as models’ pollutant under sunlight irradiation. The photocatalytic efficiency of a 0.1:1 mixture of Cu2O nanoparticles with 2D ZnO showed that the degradation rate was faster than those of individual ZnO nanocomposites and bulk nanoparticles, respectively. The photocatalytic degradation mechanism studied using specific radical scavengers corroborates the synergy between both semiconductors in the composite and evidences a Z-scheme mechanism to explain the electron transfer. The catalytic reuse tests show that the presence of the ZnO nanocomposite avoids the typical corrosion of Cu2O. © 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


  • Composites of laminar nanostructured ZnO and VOx-nanotubes hybrid as visible light active photocatalysts

    Benavente E., Navas D., Devis S., Segovia M., Sotomayor-Torres C., González G. Catalysts; 8 (2, 93) 2018. 10.3390/catal8020093. IF: 3.465

    A series of hybrid heterostructured nanocomposites of ZnO with V2O5 nanotubes (VOx-NTs) in different mixing ratios were synthesized, with the aim of reducing the recombination of photoinduced charge carriers and to optimize the absorption of visible light. The study was focused on the use of heterostructured semiconductors that can extend light absorption to the visible range and enhance the photocatalytic performance of ZnO in the degradation of methylene blue as a model pollutant. The addition of VOx-NTs in the synthesis mixture led to a remarkable performance in the degradation of the model dye, with hybrid ZnO (stearic acid)/VOx-NTs at a ratio of 1:0.06 possessing the highest photocatalytic activity, about seven times faster than pristine zinc oxide. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopic measurements and experiments in the presence of different trapping elements allowed us to draw conclusions regarding the band positions and photocatalytic degradation mechanism. The photocatalytic activity measured in three subsequent cycles showed good reusability as no significant loss in efficiency of dye degradation was observed. © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

  • Enhancement photocatalytic activity of the heterojunction of two-dimensional hybrid semiconductors ZnO/V2O5

    Aliaga J., Cifuentes N., González G., Sotomayor-Torres C., Benavente E. Catalysts; 8 (9, 374) 2018. 10.3390/catal8090374. IF: 3.465

    In this work, we report the fabrication of the new heterojunction of two 2D hybrid layered semiconductors—ZnO (stearic acid)/V2O5 (hexadecylamine)—and its behavior in the degradation of aqueous methylene blue under visible light irradiation. The optimal photocatalyst efficiency, reached at a ZnO (stearic acid)/V2O5 (hexadecylamine) ratio of 1:0.25, results in being six times higher than that of pristine zinc oxide. Reusability test shows that after three photocatalysis cycles, no significant changes in either the dye degradation efficiency loss, nor the photocatalyst structure, occur. Visible light photocatalytic performance observed indicates there is synergetic effect between both 2D nanocomposites used in the heterojunction. The visible light absorption enhancement promoted by the narrower bandgap V2O5 based components; an increased photo generated charge separation favored by extensive interface area; and abundance of hydrophobic sites for dye adsorption appear as probable causes of the improved photocatalytic efficiency in this hybrid semiconductors heterojunction. Estimated band-edge positions for both conduction and valence band of semiconductors, together with experiments using specific radical scavengers, allow a plausible photodegradation mechanism. © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

  • Heterostructured layered hybrid ZnO/MoS2 nanosheets with enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity

    Benavente E., Durán F., Sotomayor-Torres C., González G. Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids; 113: 119 - 124. 2018. 10.1016/j.jpcs.2017.10.027. IF: 2.207

    A series of novel heterostructured hybrid layered ZnO and MoS2 nanosheets composites were successfully prepared with different MoS2 contents. Among all the prepared materials, ZnO/MoS2 (1:0.05) composite showed enhanced photocatalytic activity for methylene blue degradation under direct solar light compared with pristine ZnO. The MoS2 component played a key role for the visible light activity of the composite system at longer wavelengths. The kinetic equations of photocatalytic reaction and possible photocatalytic degradation mechanism were investigated. The results indicated that it belongs to the zero order kinetic and the photogenerated electrons are transferred from hybrid layered ZnO to the MoS2 nanosheets, facilitating an interfacial electron transfer suppressing the recombination of charge carriers during the photocatalytic degradation. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd


  • A hybrid organic-inorganic layered TiO2 based nanocomposite for sunlight photocatalysis

    Benavente E., Maldonado C., Devis S., Diaz L., Lozano H., Sotomayor-Torres C., González G. RSC Advances; 6 (22): 18538 - 18541. 2016. 10.1039/c5ra26981d. IF: 3.289

    A novel hybrid nanocomposite constituted of single TiO2 nanosheets sandwiched between stearic acid self-assembled monolayers was synthesized and tested in the photodegradation of methylene blue under sunlight. The product showed better photocatalytic performance than anatase under similar conditions, which may be further improved through sensitization with cadmium sulfide. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2016.

  • Synthesis and photocatalytic activity of hybrid layered ZnO(myristic acid)/Ag nanoparticles

    Díaz L., Devis S., Sotomayor C., González G., Benavente E. Materials Letters; 181: 8 - 11. 2016. 10.1016/j.matlet.2016.05.126.

    A new hybrid hetero nanocomposite, consisting of ZnO(myristic acid)/Ag-NPs, has been synthesized. The nanocomposite, made up of single ZnO nanosheets sandwiched between myristic acid self-assembled monolayers was synthesized and decorated with metal nanoparticles by chemical solution and tested in the photodegradation of methylene blue under UV light irradiation. The product displayed significant photocatalytic activity for degradation of the dye, and the activity was improved by a factor of three compared to bulk ZnO under similar conditions. The observed photodegradation efficiency is discussed in terms of the confinement of the semiconductor in the two dimensional structure, the adsorption ability of the organic component and the plasmonic absorption of Ag nanoparticles, which makes them act as electron wells, thus promoting charge separation and a reduced recombination rate. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.